Phrasal Verbs - Transitive (Separable/Inseparable) + Intransitive
Phrasal verbs can either be TRANSITIVE or INTRANSITIVE
Transitive - Takes an object (something or someone) to complete meaning.
to hand in: Craig handed in the homework.
object = homework
to look for: He is looking for his dog
object = dog
Intransitive - Doesn't take an object to complete meaning
to fall through: Our plans fell through. (no object)
to go back: He went back to Brazil. (no object)
to stand up: He stood up. (no object)
If a phrasal verb is transitive (takes an object), it can either be SEPARABLE or INSEPARABLE
Separable - The object can go after the particle or between the verb and the particle
To hand in: Craig handed the homework in or Craig handed in the homework.
To take off: I took my gloves off or I took off my gloves.
**The Phrasal Verb rule: If you use an DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN (me, you, him/her/it, us, them), the phrasal verb MUST be separated, going between the verb and the particle.
Correct: Craig handed it in. I took them off.
Incorrect: Craig handed in it. I took off them.
Inseparable - The object must go after the particle
To look for: I'm looking for a house NOT I'm looking a house for.
To come across: He came across a good book at the store NOT He came a good book across at the store.
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We really hope this has helped you understand phrasal verbs and how they are used in the English language.